Revista de Economia e Sociologia Rural
https://revistasober.org/article/5da3521b0e8825ce02ba68e1
Revista de Economia e Sociologia Rural
Original article

THE GROWTH OF TECHNOLOGICAL INEQUALITIES IN THE FARM SECTOR OF THE BRAZILIAN STATE OF MINAS GERAIS 

Leandro Frederico FerrazMeyer, Marcelo Josi Braga

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Abstract

In this article we intend to analyze the pattern of technological diffusion associated with the process of farm sector modernization in the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais. Therefore, we observed the state's 46 homogeneous micro-regions (MRHs) and applied factorial analysis and cluster analysis techniques to discover the factors that explain this sector's modernization and to group MRHs with similar technological characteristics. Using successive analysis of the groupings formed during every year of the study (1970, 1975, 1980 and 1985), it was possible to describe the dynamic of modern technology's regional diffusion into Minas Gerais' farm sector. The results showed that a great part of state's productive agricultural base was at the margin of the technological modernization process. To test the hypothesis that this result implied an increase in regional inequality; we analyzed the convergence of factors which indicate modernization. From this analysis, we verified the growth of regional technological inequalities in Minas Gerais' farm sector during the 15 year period, 1970 to 1985.

Keywords

Agricultural development, Minas Gerais, cluster analysis 

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