Revista de Economia e Sociologia Rural
Revista de Economia e Sociologia Rural
Original article

Determinants of oil palm smallholder farmers’ adaptation strategy to climate change in Bengkulu, Indonesia

Determinantes de la estrategia de adaptación de los pequeños agricultores de palma aceitera al cambio climático en Bengkulu, Indonesia

Andi Irawan; Muhammad Syakir

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Abstract: Bengkulu is one of 10 provinces in Indonesia, which became a center of oil palm production. The aim of the study is to define how the determinant factors influence the oil palm smallholder farmer’s adaptation strategies on climate change in Bengkulu Province, Indonesia. Binary logistic regression method was employed to clarify the independent variables that influence farmers’ strategy adapted to climate change. Farmer experience and their household expenditure have the positive and significant effect on cropping diversification, while oil palm price has a positive influence in using land clearing without slash and burning. The factors that most influence the farmers' adaptation to climate change are farmer’s cooperation membership and membership of farmer group for agricultural extension. Because of their education and experience, they are not an important determinant on strategies adapted to climate change, but the farmer’s group for agricultural extension was very important in the adoption of comprehensive adaptation strategies to climate change, thus the understanding and skill of implementing strategies adapted to climate change among smallholder farmers needs improving by government extension agency. Therefore, ensuring access to information on climate change through extension agents is believed to create awareness and favorable conditions to adopt farming practices suited to climate change. It also means that improving the knowledge and skills of extension service personnel about climate change and adaptation strategies, and making the extension services more accessible to farmers is strongly recommended. For future work, new research involving more area with diversified ownership can be performed, not only smallholder farmer ownership but also private and state corporation ones. Moreover, the study about government action and policy for accelerating farmer's adaptation is important to be executed in the future.


adaptation, climate change, oil palm, Indonesia, logit model


Resumen: Bengkulu es una de las 10 provincias de Indonesia, que se convirtió en un centro de producción de palma de aceite, donde las plantaciones de palma aceitera son la mayor superficie de tierra entre los cultivos de plantaciones en esta región. Este estudio tiene como objetivo específico determinar cómo influyen los factores determinantes en las estrategias de adaptación de los pequeños agricultores de palma aceitera sobre el cambio climático en la provincia de Bengkulu, Indonesia. Se empleó el método de regresión logística binaria para aclarar las variables independientes que influyen en la estrategia de los agricultores adaptada al cambio climático. La experiencia de los agricultores y el gasto de sus hogares tienen un efecto positivo y significativo en la diversificación de los cultivos, mientras que el precio de la palma aceitera influye positivamente en el uso del desmonte sin quemarse. Los factores que más influyen en la adaptación de los agricultores al cambio climático son la membresía de cooperación de los agricultores y la pertenencia al grupo de agricultores para la extensión agrícola. Debido a su educación y experiencia no son un determinante importante de las estrategias adaptadas al cambio climático, el grupo de agricultores para la extensión agrícola fue muy importante en la adopción de estrategias integrales de adaptación al cambio climático, así como la comprensión y habilidad de implementar estrategias adaptadas al clima el cambio entre los pequeños agricultores necesita mejorarse por medio de la agencia de extensión del gobierno. Por lo tanto, se cree que garantizar el acceso a la información sobre el cambio climático através de agentes de extensión crea conciencia y condiciones favorables para la adopción de prácticas agrícolas adecuadas al cambio climático. También significa que se recomienda encarecidamente mejorar el conocimiento y las habilidades del personal de servicios de extensión sobre el cambio climático y las estrategias de adaptación, y hacer que los servicios de extensión sean más accesibles para los agricultores. Para el trabajo futuro, se debe considerar la realización de una nueva investigación que involucre más áreas con propiedad diversificada, no solo la propiedad de los pequeños agricultores, sino también las empresas privadas y estatales. Además de eso, el estudio sobre la acción del gobierno y la política para acelerar la adaptación de los agricultores también es importante para ser ejecutado en el futuro.


adaptación, cambio climático, palma aceitera, Indonesia, modelo logit


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