Revista de Economia e Sociologia Rural
https://revistasober.org/article/doi/10.1590/1806-9479.2020.200520
Revista de Economia e Sociologia Rural
ARTIGO ORIGINAL

O acesso à infraestrutura e a pobreza no Brasil: uma investigação empírica

Access to infrastructure and poverty in Brazil: an empirical investigation

Victor Medeiros; Ana Maria Hermeto Camilo de Oliveira

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Resumo

A presente pesquisa busca estudar as relações entre o acesso à infraestrutura e a pobreza no Brasil. Objetiva-se incluir, além de características microeconômicas domiciliares, características socioeconômicas contextuais que podem ser importantes para explicar as relações entre o acesso à infraestrutura e a pobreza. Para se alcançar os objetivos propostos, estimam-se modelos logísticos hierárquicos em dois níveis: domiciliar e municipal. Os principais resultados do trabalho indicam que o acesso à infraestrutura diminui o nível de pobreza domiciliar. Os efeitos do acesso à infraestrutura sobre a pobreza, por sua vez, mostram-se heterogêneos, sendo reforçados em contextos municipais com: maior proporção de residentes em zona rural e trabalhando no setor agrícola; alta desigualdade de renda; população mais elevada; e menor taxa de fecundidade.

Palavras-chave

acesso à infraestrutura, pobreza, abordagem multinível

Abstract

Abstract:: The present study seeks to study the relationship between access to infrastructure and poverty in Brazil. The objective is to include contextual features that may be important to explain the relationship between access to infrastructure and poverty, in addition to the microeconomic household characteristics. We estimated multilevel logistic models at household and municipal levels to reach the proposed objectives. The main results of the study indicated that access to infrastructure reduces the level of household poverty. In turn, the effects of the access to infrastructure on poverty are heterogeneous, while they are reinforced in municipal contexts with a greater proportion of residents in rural areas as well as working in the agricultural sector; high-income inequality; high population, and; lower fertility rate.
 

Keywords

access to infrastructure, poverty, multilevel approach

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Submetido em:
23/05/2018

Aceito em:
21/04/2019

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