Revista de Economia e Sociologia Rural
https://revistasober.org/article/doi/10.1590/1806-9479.2022.264494
Revista de Economia e Sociologia Rural
ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Transaction costs economics and geographical indications: a systematic analysis of the literature

Economia de custos de transação e indicações geográficas: uma análise sistemática da literatura

Franklin de Souza Meirelles; Janaina de Moura Engracia Giraldi; Rodolfo Paião de Campos

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Abstract

Transaction Cost Economics (TCE) is one of the most applied economic theories to studies of agrifood chains, especially for presenting approaches that analyze the role of institutions in the relationship between organizations, making it completely adherent to the concept of Coordination, vital in chain management. Agro-industrial chains have continuously experienced mechanisms to reduce information asymmetry between producer and final consumer, one of these mechanisms being Geographical Indications (GIs), certifications of origin based on geographic location. This work aims to identify the state-of-the-art of TCE in studies related to GIs, identifying how the topics related to theory are approached and whether or not there are literature gaps in this regard. A systematic literature review was made in two substantial scientific databases using Methodi Ordinatio. The results demonstrate a certain homogeneity of studies, which focuses on Coordination and Governance, as well as a low synergy between the themes. Future studies could enrich the academic literature by contemplating an opposite path to this homogeneousness, either by a) exploring how TCE can explain the development of GIs; b) investigating the opportunism between producers and association members; or c) studying the limited rationality of the links downstream the chain.

Keywords

agroindustrial chains, transaction costs, geographical indications, regional development, rural economics

Resumo

Resumo:: A Economia dos Custos de Transação (ECT) é uma das teorias econômicas mais aplicadas a estudos de cadeias agroalimentares, em especial por apresentar abordagens de análise do papel das instituições na relação entre organizações, o que a torna completamente aderente ao conceito de Coordenação, vital na gestão de cadeias. Cadeias agroindustriais têm continuamente vivenciado mecanismos de redução de assimetria informacional entre produtor e consumidor final, sendo um desses mecanismos as Indicações Geográficas (IGs), certificações de procedência baseadas na localização geográfica. Esse trabalho tem como objetivo identificar o estado-da-arte da ECT em estudos relacionados a IGs, identificando como os tópicos relacionados à teoria são abordados e se há ou não lacunas na literatura nesse sentido. Uma revisão sistemática da literatura foi realizada em duas bases de dados substanciais utilizando o Methodi Ordinatio. Uma certa homogeneidade de estudos que focam em Coordenação e Governança foi identificada, bem como uma baixa exploração da sinergia entre os temas. Estudos futuros podem enriquecer a literatura acadêmica contemplando um caminho contrário a essa homogeneidade, seja a) explorando como a ECT pode explicar o desenvolvimento das IGs; b) investigando o oportunismo entre produtores e associados; ou c) estudando a racionalidade limitada dos elos a jusante da cadeia.
 

Palavras-chave

cadeias agroindustriais, custos de transação, indicações geográficas, desenvolvimento regional, economia rural

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